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Wular Lake

Wular Lake is located 34 km northwest of Srinagar city at an altitude of 1,530 mts a.m.s.l between 34020’ N latitude and 70024’ E longitude. It is elliptical in shape with a maximum length of 16 km and breadth of 7.6 km. The lake is surrounded by high mountainous ranges on the northeastern and northwestern sides, which drain their runoff through various nallahs, prominent being Erin and Madumati On the eastern and southern sides are the low lying areas of Sonawari which used to get inundated almost every year until numerous criss-crossing embankments were constructed along River Jhelum. The lake area thus reclaimed has in the recent past been brought under cultivation of paddy and plantations of willow, poplar and fruit trees. On the western side in the Sopore-Watlab section, low lying areas have also been brought under paddy cultivation. On the eastern side of the lake is an island which was raised and shaped by a famous ruler of Kashmir, Zainul-Abidin, who ruled Kashmir from 1420-1470 AD. Wullar is a shallow lake with a maximum depth of 5.8m. The lake area has not been properly investigated although several estimates exist. As per the Directory of Wetlands of India (MoEF, 1990), the area of the lake is 189 sq km. The Survey of India maps of 1978 indicate the lake area to be only 58.7 km in winter. Taking into consideration, the highest flood level of 1,579 m, the present lake area has been computed to be 173 sq km. The revenue records, however, indicate the lake area to be 130 sq km.

Details

Water Management
Wular Lake is located 34 km northwest of Srinagar city at an altitude of 1,530 mts a.m.s.l between 34020’ N latitude and 70024’ E longitude. It is elliptical in shape with a maximum length of 16 km and breadth of 7.6 km. The lake is surrounded by high mountainous ranges on the northeastern and northwestern sides, which drain their runoff through various nallahs, prominent being Erin and Madumati On the eastern and southern sides are the low lying areas of Sonawari which used to get inundated almost every year until numerous criss-crossing embankments were constructed along River Jhelum. The lake area thus reclaimed has in the recent past been brought under cultivation of paddy and plantations of willow, poplar and fruit trees. On the western side in the Sopore-Watlab section, low lying areas have also been brought under paddy cultivation. On the eastern side of the lake is an island which was raised and shaped by a famous ruler of Kashmir, Zainul-Abidin, who ruled Kashmir from 1420-1470 AD. Wullar is a shallow lake with a maximum depth of 5.8m. The lake area has not been properly investigated although several estimates exist. As per the Directory of Wetlands of India (MoEF, 1990), the area of the lake is 189 sq km. The Survey of India maps of 1978 indicate the lake area to be only 58.7 km in winter. Taking into consideration, the highest flood level of 1,579 m, the present lake area has been computed to be 173 sq km. The revenue records, however, indicate the lake area to be 130 sq km.

Details

Catchment Conservation
Wular Lake is located 34 km northwest of Srinagar city at an altitude of 1,530 mts a.m.s.l between 34020’ N latitude and 70024’ E longitude. It is elliptical in shape with a maximum length of 16 km and breadth of 7.6 km. The lake is surrounded by high mountainous ranges on the northeastern and northwestern sides, which drain their runoff through various nallahs, prominent being Erin and Madumati On the eastern and southern sides are the low lying areas of Sonawari which used to get inundated almost every year until numerous criss-crossing embankments were constructed along River Jhelum. The lake area thus reclaimed has in the recent past been brought under cultivation of paddy and plantations of willow, poplar and fruit trees. On the western side in the Sopore-Watlab section, low lying areas have also been brought under paddy cultivation. On the eastern side of the lake is an island which was raised and shaped by a famous ruler of Kashmir, Zainul-Abidin, who ruled Kashmir from 1420-1470 AD. Wullar is a shallow lake with a maximum depth of 5.8m. The lake area has not been properly investigated although several estimates exist. As per the Directory of Wetlands of India (MoEF, 1990), the area of the lake is 189 sq km. The Survey of India maps of 1978 indicate the lake area to be only 58.7 km in winter. Taking into consideration, the highest flood level of 1,579 m, the present lake area has been computed to be 173 sq km. The revenue records, however, indicate the lake area to be 130 sq km.

Details