Wular Lake is located 34 km northwest of Srinagar city at an altitude of 1,570 mts a.m.s.l between 34 0 17’ 45” to 34 0 25’ 30” N and 74 0 31’ 40” to 74 0 40’ 15” E. It is elliptical in shape with a maximum length of 16 km and breadth of 7.6 km. The lake is surrounded by high mountainous ranges on the northeastern and northwestern sides, which drain their runoff through various nallahs, prominent being Erin and Madumati. On the eastern and southern sides are the low lying areas of Sonawari which used to get inundated almost every year until numerous criss-crossing embankments were constructed along River Jhelum. The lake area thus reclaimed has in the recent past been brought under cultivation of paddy and plantations of willow, poplar and fruit trees. On the western side in the Sopore-Watlab section, low lying areas have also been brought under paddy cultivation. On the eastern side of the lake is an island which was raised and shaped by a famous ruler of Kashmir, Zainul-Abidin, who ruled Kashmir from 1420-1470 AD. Wular is a shallow lake with a maximum depth of 5.8m. The lake area as per demarcation carried out is 130 Sqkm.